Field Crickets / House Crickets
Field crickets are dark brown to black crickets, 9/16 to over 1 inch long. House crickets, Acheta domesticus (Linnaeus), are similar to field crickets but are smaller (about 3/4 inch long) and yellowish-brown with three dark bands on the head and prothorax. They can breed indoors. Cave and camel crickets (Gryllacrididae) are dark brown, wingless and have long antennae, long well-developed hind legs for jumping. The head is bent down and the back is arched up, giving these insects a humped-backed (camel) appearance.
Habitat, Food Source(s), Damage: These crickets live in cool dark and damp habitats like caves, plumbing, under rocks, damp basements and inside privies. Chicken laying mash or dry dog food is excellent feed for raising crickets. Crickets spend the day in warm, dark cracks and crevices and emerge at night to feed.Outdoors, highnumbers of crickets can damage garden plants. Indoors, crickets can damage natural and synthetic fabrics, furs and carpeting.
Pest Status: Feed on plant material, but are less of a plant pest problem than a nuisance when found in large numbers; prefer outdoors, but will be attracted to lights in large numbers and invade homes. Crickets are one of the more effective baits for sunfish, bluegill and catfish.
The camel cricket gets its name from it’s slightly humped-back and long spider-like legs. Adults don’t have wings like other crickets. The greenhouse stone cricket is the main species of camel crickets that can become a pest when indoors. They are frequently found around greenhouses.
Camel crickets don’t chirp. They are found in moist areas under stones and logs or in stacks of firewood. Overgrown areas with vegetation such as ivy and other ground cover are good hiding places for this insect. Camel crickets pass the winter as nymphs (they look like adults, only smaller). Females lay her eggs in the spring in soil.
During extreme weather conditions, the camel cricket becomes attracted to cool, moist, humid area like storage buildings, crawlspaces, basements, garages and indoors where moisture is a problem like bathrooms and laundry rooms. A heavy infestation is known when the presence of dark fecal smears on surfaces is found. This can damage stored items like garment and linens.
The cave cricket gets its name because it is commonly found in cool, damp places like caves, wells, rotten logs, stumps and hollow trees, under damp leaves and stones. They have large hind legs, and a long slender antenna. They are brownish in color and hump-backed. They can grow up to 2 inches and their body is translucent when they are young.
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